For decades nobody knew the reasons behind the birth of the AIDS epidemic. But it is now clear that the epidemicâ€™s birth and crucial early growth happened during Africaâ€™s colonial era, amid massive intrusion of new people and technology into a land where ancient ways still prevailed. European powers engaged in a feverish race for wealth and glory blazed routes up muddy rivers and into dense forests that had been traveled only sporadically by humans before.
The most disruptive of these intruders were thousands of African porters. Forced into service by European colonial powers, they cut paths through the exact area that researchers have now identified as the birthplace of the AIDS epidemic. It was here, in a single moment of transmission from chimp to human, that a strain of virus called HIV-1 group M first appeared.
â€” CoÂloÂniÂalÂism in Africa helped launch the HIV epidemic a century ago, The Washington Post. Un extrait du livre co-signÃ© par David Halperin et Craig Timberg, Tinderbox.